Border Flows

Declining access to fresh water is one of the twenty-first century’s most pressing environmental and human rights challenges, yet the struggle for water is not a new cause. The 8,800-kilometer border dividing Canada and the United States contains more than 20 percent of the world’s total freshwater resources, and Border Flows traces the century-long effort by Canada and the United States to manage and care for their ecologically and economically shared rivers and lakes. Ranging across the continent, from the Great Lakes to the Northwest Passage to the Salish Sea, the histories in Border Flows offer critical insights into the historical struggle to care for these vital waters. From multiple perspectives, the book reveals alternative paradigms in water history, law, and policy at scales from the local to the transnational. Students, concerned citizens, and policymakers alike will benefit from the lessons to be found along this critical international border.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Front Cover 1
Half Title Page 2
Series Page 3
Full Title Page 4
Copyright Page 5
Table of Contents 6
List of Figures 10
Acknowledgments 14
Negotiating Abundanceand Scarcity: Introductionto a Fluid Border 20
PART ONE - Finding the Border: Political Ecologies of Water Governance and Tenure 44
OPENINGS: Political Ecologies on the Border 46
1: A Citizen’s Legal Primer on the Boundary Waters Treaty, International Joint Commission,and Great Lakes Water Management 56
2: Treaties, Wars, and Salish SeaWatersheds: The Constructed Boundaries of Water Governance 82
3: Contesting the Northwest Passage: Four Far-North Narratives 104
PART TWO - Constructing the Border: Hydropolitics, Nationalism, and Megaprojects 128
OPENINGS: Transboundary Power Flows 130
3: Dam the Consequences: Hydropolitics, Nationalism, and the Niagara–St. Lawrence Projects 140
5: Quebec’s Water Export Schemes: The Rise and Fall of a Resource Development Idea 168
6: Engineering a Treaty: The Negotiation of the Columbia River Treaty of 1961/1964 186
PART THREE - Challenging the Border:Ecological Agents of Change 222
OPENINGS: Border Ecologies in Boundary Waters 224
7: Lines That Don’t Divide: Telling Tales about Animals, Chemicals,and People in the Salish Sea 232
8: Resiliency and Collapse: Lake Trout, Sea Lamprey, and Fisheries Management in Lake Superior 256
PART FOUR: Reflections in the Water 280
OPENINGS: The Lakes at Night 282
9: Finding Our Place 288
Afterword 314
Further Reading 326
Contributors 344
Index 350
Back Cover 354