The Plains Cree

Trade, Diplomacy, and War, 1790 to 1870

Ebook

The Plains Cree

The first economic, military, and diplomatic history of the Plains Cree from contact with the Europeans in the 1670s to the disappearance of the buffalo from Cree lands by the 1870s, focussing on military and trade relations between 1790 and 1870.Milloy describes three distinct eras, each characterized by a paramount motive for war--the wars of migration and territory, the horse wars during the 'golden years' of Plains Indian life, and buffalo wars, which mark the trail to the reserves. Intimately linked to each era was a particular trade pattern and a military system that linked the Cree with other Plains tribes and non-Natives. By tracing these themes, Milloy charts the ability of the Cree to serve their economic interests by forging alliances or undertaking military or diplomatic offensives.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Contents 6
Note on Synonyms 8
List of Tables 10
Maps 11
Preface 14
PART I: EVOLUTION AND REALIGNMENT 22
1 The Saskatchewan River Cree: Migration, War and Trade, 1690 to 1813 24
2 The Plains Cree: The 1790s 40
3 Realignment: The Breakdown of the Cree-Blackfoot Alliance 50
PART II: THE CREE AND THE MANDAN-HIDATSA TRADERS 58
4 Military Patterns on the Southeastern Plains, 1730 to 1805 60
5 Cree Participation in the Mandan-Hidatsa Trade System, 1806 to 1837 66
6 The Breakdown of Cree-Assiniboine–Mandan-Hidatsa Relations, 1806 to 1837 78
PART III: THE HORSE WARS, 1810 TO 1850 86
7 Some Aspects of Plains Cree Social and Political Organization 88
8 The Military Chronology, 1810 to 1850 102
PART IV: THE BUFFALO WARS, 1850 TO 1870 120
9 The Buffalo Wars' Military Chronology 122
Conclusion 138
Bibliography 142
Notes 152
A 170
Index 170
B 171
C 172
D 172
F 172
E 172
G 173
H 173
L 174
K 174
J 174
I 174
O 175
N 175
M 175
P 176
R 176
S 176
T 177
U 178
V 178
W 178
Y 178